On This Day In History: Malcolm III, King of Scots Died – On Nov 13, 1093

On November 13, 1093, died Malcolm III, King of Scots from 1058 to 1093.

Nicknamed Canmore (in Scottish Gaelic: «Great Chief», Malcolm ruled 35 years and his reign preceded the beginning of the Scotto-Norman age.

He was founder of the dynasty that consolidated royal power in the Scottish kingdom.

He is the historical equivalent of the character of the same name in the famous work of Shakespeare — Macbeth.Malcolm III was born in 1031; he was the eldest son of King Duncan I.

As the eldest son, was appointed as the successor to the throne. In 1040, when he was just 9 years old, his father was killed in battle by Macbeth — his cousin.

Macbeth at that time, was the new king of Scotland and Malcolm was forced to live in exile in England during part of the reign of his father’s murderer, Macbeth (reigned 1040–57).

Malcolm killed Macbeth in battle in 1057 and then ascended the throne. After the conquest of England by William the Conqueror, in 1066, Malcolm gave refuge to the Anglo-Saxon prince Edgar Ætheling and his sisters, one of whom, Margaret (later St. Margaret), became his second wife.

Disputes with its southern neighbor ended in 1072 when Malcolm under pressure from King William II of the Red swore subordination of England, which caused controversy among almost the same court, and the population of Scotland, because it meant the end of one hundred percent of the sovereignty of the state

In 1093 Malcolm decided to recover the independence of Scotland and began the war with Wilhelm II, who had a well-organized armies and quickly restrained Malcolm.

King of Scotland, died November 13, 1093 at the Battle of Alnwick, in which the King of England attacked the Scottish armies by surprise.

In the same battle he died also the son of Malcolm, Edward. It was which meant a big fiasco for the Scots. On his death, Malcolm was succeeded by the joint rule of his brother, Donald III, and his second son by Margaret, Edmund.

Malcolm was initially buried at Tynemouth Priory, but in 1115 he was exhumed and reburied in the monastery of the Benedictine Durnfemline, built by his wife Margaret in 1070.Dunfermline Abbey, next to Margaret.

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